Fr / En
Nepal is a country in the Himalayan mountains, bordered on the north side by Tibet and on the west, south and east by India. The country is mainly covered in mountains which attract lots of tourists for the many possibilities of trekking, mountain climbing, mountain biking or rafting. The big differences in altitude give birth to various climates; from subtropical heat and humidity to the cold and dry weather in the Himalayas. Since only 20% of the country is suitable for agriculture and the demand for wood for heating and rice is growing, deforestation is getting worrying.
The population is about 30 million, though 87 % is living in the countryside. Nepal is cut off from the world until 1951 and the fall of Rana’s government. In those days there were only 300 schools in Nepal and the alphabetisation was around 5.3%.
University studies became possible in 1959 with the creation of the Tribhuvan university in Kathmandu. Elementary education became obligatory and free in 1975. Nepal now has 5 universities. In 2001 the alphabetisation of the population was of 53,7 %, but it still is higher for men than women. Nepal had 26036 elementary schools and 11639 secondary schools. 80% of the students go to primary school, but around 20% go to secondary school.
The school system has big differences between the areas. The mountain areas in the north are disadvantaged; teaching quality and access to education is much lower. Lots of children go to school for a few years then work in the fields or at home. Girl’s education is judged less important by part of the population.
Through these few facts we can see the help which is required in education in Nepal. This is why we have decided to help by setting up a collaboration which will end up in the construction of a school and, hopefully, of more infrastructures.